Moscow and its Warsaw Pact vassals controlled about one half of the coastline and aquifer of the Baltic Sea until the demise of the Soviet Union. Russia now has only two rather short sections of the Baltic coast under its jurisdiction, in the Leningrad oblast, at the bottom of the Gulf of Finland, and in the exclave of the Kaliningrad oblast. However, Russia maintains and further strengthens the Baltic Fleet, a Cold War relic that greatly exceeds the country’s actual defence needs. In addition, Russia has significant economic interests related to the Baltic Sea, as it is not only the ...
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