RIGA - Latvia has largely implemented the European Commission's recommendations in the energy sector, said the European Commission in its assessment of the final national energy and climate plan of Latvia.
The assessment covers five dimensions of the energy union - decarbonization, including renewable energy, energy efficiency, energy security, internal energy market, research, innovation and competitiveness.
On decarbonization, Latvia has not addressed the European Commission's recommendation to develop further its strategy for achieving its 2030 greenhouse gas target for sectors not covered by the EU emissions trading system, including further defining the necessary steps for implementing the described policies and analyzing the
role of the land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) sector.
On renewable energy, Latvia partially addressed the recommendation to increase the level of ambition for 2030 to a renewable share of at least 50 percent as Latvia’s contribution to the EU’s 2030 target for renewable energy and put forward detailed and quantified policies and measures. Latvia has indeed revised the level of ambition to 50 percent for 2030. However, several measures, in particular in transport, are not clearly explained, and most of the policies put forward will be a continuation of the existing ones, which may not be sufficient to achieve the target for 2030.
On energy efficiency, Latvia largely addressed the recommendation to update and scale up its energy efficiency contribution to the EU 2030 target, including for policies and measures mostly targeting buildings and transport sectors.
On energy security, Latvia partially addressed the recommendation to specify the measures supporting the energy security objectives on diversification and reduction of energy dependency, including measures ensuring flexibility, and including an assessment of how proposed policies and measures ensure the achievement of the target to decrease energy dependency.
Meanwhile, as regards the internal energy market, Latvia partially addressed the recommendation to define forward-looking objectives and targets concerning market integration, in particular measures to develop more competitive wholesale and retail markets. The plan notably presents targets and objectives for the rollout of smart meters for electricity. While some improvements were introduced, the final plan still lacks information on targets and a timeline for smart grids, demand response, flexibility, storage, consumer protection, distributed generation and competitively determined electricity prices, and real price signalling to develop more competitive markets, the European Commission said in its assessment.