TALLINN - The Estonian state-owned energy group Eesti Energia will start work with the Tallinn University of Technology (TalTech) to process plastic waste into liquid fuels in the company's oil plants together with oil shale and thereby contribute to solving the environmental problems in Estonia and the neighboring countries.
Eesti Energia and TalTech are aiming to find a solution for using plastic waste in industrial volumes in oil production and for converting unusable residues into valuable liquid fuel.
Margus Vals, board member of Eesti Energia, said that the Enefit oil production technology makes it possible to change East-Viru County into an important player for solving environmental problems. It is already possible to process used tires together with oil shale, and the prospect of doing the same with non-recycled plastics will further enhance the importance of the technology.
"Eesti Energia's new developments focus on innovation, in which we include the best research and development partners in the region. We see that we, through the circular economy and new technologies, have the potential to be an important support in the solving of environmental problems, as never before has Estonia created such a high value from oil shale, so cleanly as currently,” Vals said.
"We would reduce the amount of plastic waste not only in Estonia but also in the neighboring countries, through the use of non-recyclable plastics in the production of oil,” he added.
The use of plastics in the oil production of Enefit oil plants, with oil shale and shredded tires would allow annually to process minimally 80,000 tons of waste, in an environmentally friendly way, into a new, high value product, reduce the production carbon dioxide emissions and improve the quality of liquid fuels.
The processing of non-recycled plastic waste into oil is more efficient than the use of oil shale, as preliminary studies indicate that it is possible to get up to five times more oil from one ton of plastic than from the same quantity of oil shale. There would therefore be significantly less solid residues and the quantity of other emissions would also be reduced.
The quality indicators and process efficiency of liquid fuels would additionally improve, making the products more marketable. This will improve the lifespan of the plants, as well as assist in the preservation of employment in East-Viru County.
Laboratory tests will be performed in cooperation with TalTech by the beginning of 2021, which will be followed by testing on pilot equipment and in the oil plant, the acquisition of the necessary environmental permits and the preparation of production. The start of production is planned for 2024.
The laboratory tests will be performed by the TalTech Virumaa College Oil Shale Competence Center.
"It is possible in the framework of this project to systematically use the results of basic research, while determining those factors on which will depend future successful application. The answers will be provided by laboratory and bench tests. This will be a major step, in the case of success, for increasing the role of oil shale processing in the context of the circular economy,” Hella Riisalu, senior researcher of the competence center, said.
"Estonia has unique oil shale know-how and production technology that makes us a valued partner in the entire world. The close cooperation between researchers and energy companies has led the field forward continuously, throughout decades and I am pleased that this cooperation in increasing the value of products, created in Estonia is growing", Vals said.
The innovation of the project lies in that plastic waste that has until now only been landfilled or incinerated, may find use and that unsorted plastic waste can be processed, including those with organic and mechanical additives, such as sand or clay, thus the need for sorting, as well as cleaning is eliminated.
The project is supported by the European Union Regional Development Fund, with the amount of 94,500 euros.