If you have an industrial business, you have a lot of equipment to consider. You need to find suitable conveyor belts, among many other tools and machines. However, the industrial pump is another piece of equipment that often flies under the radar. It’s used in nearly every industry to move liquids and gases through a system, and it can be used in numerous ways during the manufacturing process.
If you're looking for a new pump for your industrial business, here are some of your options:
1. Centrifugal Pump
A centrifugal pump is a pump used for a broad range of industrial applications, such as food processing and winemaking, as well as in dairy, petroleum, and chemical industries. It can also be used in irrigation and sewage treatment plants. This pump should be your go-to pick from a centrifugal pump manufacturer if your manufacturing applications involve oil, water, or some other liquids.
Centrifugal pumps are often used in wastewater treatment plants because they handle high volumes of liquid mixed with solid materials. If you need to draw up a large amount of liquid that contains solids suspended within it, you’ll want to consider using one of these pumps. Some attributes of centrifugal pumps include:
- They quickly adapt to numerous circumstances.
- The coupling mechanism is straightforward, and it doesn't feature articulated components.
- They have minimal weight, hence, have excellent foundations.
- Minimal maintenance is needed other than changing sealing joints, mechanical closure, packaging press, and replacing the oil of the bearings.
The widespread use of this pump is that it's very efficient in pumping water or any liquid that's not too thick or abrasive.
2. Diaphragm Pump
One of the most common types of industrial pump is the diaphragm pump. This type of pump usually uses compressed air or hydraulic pressure to move gas or liquid from one place to another. This happens thanks to a diaphragm that moves back and forth, bringing fluid into the pump chamber. This causes pressure to build up and pushes the liquid back out through the valve.
Diaphragm pumps are quite common in different industries, such as chemical processing and wastewater treatment. The demand for them is because they can handle tough jobs without needing a lot of maintenance or replacement parts, and are easier to operate than other industrial pumps.
Some of the applications this pump can be used include wastewater treatment, dry cleaning, pollution control, and chemical processing. It can also be used for many industrial applications, such as water filtering, dewatering, and spraying because it doesn't have internal parts that could get damaged by abrasive materials.
3. Drum Pump
The drum pump, a type of hand pump, is most commonly used to dispense liquids from barrels. Drum pumps are perfect for manufacturers dealing with acids, detergents, sanitizers, or lubricants being dispensed from bulk containers, thanks to their small design.
Drum pumps are typically made of stainless steel, polypropylene, or aluminum, making them highly resistant to the chemicals they're used to handling. Since these pumps are made from non-corrosive materials, they won't be affected by acids and other harsh chemicals. The same goes for sanitizer pumps and lubricant pumps meant for industrial uses.
The use of drum pumps is quite common across many different industries, including manufacturing, retail, as well as food and beverage. They're prevalent in the manufacturing industry because of the variety of liquids that they can pump and their ability to directly dispense from bulk containers.
Drum pumps come in a wide range of materials and configurations that make them suitable for everything, from transferring cleaners to delivering lubricants. Plus, they're easy to use in small areas and on wheels due to their compact design.
4. Lobe Pump
Lobe pumps are popular in the chemical, paper, and food manufacturing industries. These pumps are designed to transport liquids containing low to high viscosity solids. They operate with two intermeshing lobes that turn without contact between the lobes and their housing. The two rotating lobes trap and discharge fluid to create a smooth product flow.
Lobe pumps transfer liquids with suspended particles, for instance, pulp and paper, or foods, like honey or chocolate, with minimal shearing. The rotating lobes are fitted with internal teeth that fit together without touching in order to move the liquid. They work especially well not only with low viscosity fluids, like water and hydrocarbons, but also with higher viscosity liquids, like creams and ointments.
They're positive displacement pumps, which means they can move a precise amount of fluid with each pump rotation. Lobe pumps are ideal for viscous products because they don't create much internal friction. They also have gear that are self-priming, so you can start up and shut down applications without worrying about air being trapped inside.
The primary benefit of lobe pumps is their ability to move viscous fluids with solid particles. Lobe pumps work best when dealing with slurries, sewage, paper pulp, and many other things containing abrasive solids.
On the downside, these pumps are susceptible to clogging and can be difficult to clean. For this reason, they're better suited for applications where they won't be exposed to foreign matter that could damage their rotors or cause them to overheat. In addition, they’re more expensive than other types of industrial pumps.
5. Reciprocating Plunger Pump
As its name suggests, this pump utilizes a piston or plunger that moves forward and backward, usually reciprocating inside an enclosed cylindrical chamber. The piston and cylinder arrangement is the same as a car engine, with a piston moving back and forth to create pressure. This allows the pump to deliver a steady flow rate with only minimal pulsations, making it ideal for applications where pressure fluctuations could cause problems.
Reciprocating plunger pumps are designed to move viscous liquids, like grease or oil, at a slow rate to create pressure. They're often used in oil wells to extract oil from the ground in high-pressure situations. They can also be used in sewage treatment plants to move sludge around. These pumps are great at handling high pressures of up to 10,000 psi, so they're ideal for use in hydraulic systems and other similar applications. The downside of these pumps is that they're quite noisy when running, unlike centrifugal pumps.
Industrial pumps are used for various purposes and come in many different shapes and sizes. And, to choose the right pump for your application, it's essential to be familiar with the different types of pumps available and their unique features. This in-depth blog post has detailed some of the most common types of industrial pumps. Hopefully, you'll be able to know which one is best suited for whatever industrial application you intend to work on.