The Future of Java: Expert Talgat Akunsartov's Forecast

  • 2024-02-20
  • Talgat Akunsartov, Senior Java Software Engineer at Ness Digital Engineering

Java, with its more than two decades of history, remains one of the most significant programming languages. According to IDC's "Java Turns 25" report published in 2020, 69% of in-house developers worldwide have used Java. Its functionality ranges from creating mobile and web applications to developing enterprise systems and games. Its cross-platform nature and ease of use have made it an integral part of the software infrastructure for many organizations. However, as with any other technology product, it is necessary to analyze its state and predict its future. Developers and companies must consider not only the current state of the language, but also its trends in order to adapt their development strategies and investment plans. 

The current state of Java

Today, Java remains one of the most popular and in-demand programming languages. From the chart below, you can see that Oracle, the company that owns Java, has been actively developing it in recent years. Regular updates and improvements are released, additional functionality is added, performance, security and support for modern technologies is improved.

Java also remains one of the main languages for creating Android applications, which shows its importance in the mobile development sphere. The large number of libraries and frameworks makes it convenient for developers looking to create high-quality Android applications. Java also excels in the field of enterprise development due to its reliability, scalability, and extensive ecosystem of tools and libraries. Many large corporations use it to build and maintain their business applications. Thus, it is safe to say that Java continues to be one of the leading programming languages in the world today.

Java development trends

The development vector of Java is driven by the following trends:

Language modernization and adaptation to new technologies. Java continues to evolve by introducing new features to simplify development. With the emergence of new technologies such as machine learning, cloud computing, and the Internet of Things, Java must adapt to remain competitive. Embedding tools and libraries to work with these technologies will be an important area of development.

Support for mobile development. Java plays a significant role in the world of mobile applications. The introduction of new development tools (Android Studio and the Kotlin language), require further integration and optimization of the language to keep it attractive and user-friendly.

Performance enhancements. With increasing demands for performance and efficiency, Java needs to strive to improve program execution speed and reduce resource consumption. This includes optimizing compilation, improving memory handling, and enhancing resource management mechanisms.

Ensuring security. In light of growing cybersecurity threats, Java must continue to improve its defenses, including enhanced authentication, authorization, and protection against attacks at the language and ecosystem level.

Successfully adapting Java along these lines will allow it to maintain its relevance and one of the leading positions in software development.

The future of Java

According to the Tiobe Programming Language Popularity Index for the past year, Java has consistently ranked fourth overall. To continue to maintain its position, it will need to continue to evolve. The main changes should be aimed at improving performance, security and usability. In this context, development should be based on the introduction of new functionality, improved development and code-building tools, and updates to libraries and frameworks.

Further improvement of the language will be aimed at increasing productivity and improving development efficiency. Enhanced application security and support for modern platforms, including mobile devices and cloud services, will be key aspects. In addition, syntax updates and the introduction of new language constructs will enable Java to remain user-friendly and attractive to programmers of all levels. In light of the rapid technological development and changing market demands, it will be a suitable working tool due to its flexibility and robustness. The integration of new artificial intelligence, augmented reality and blockchain technologies will allow it to remain in demand, as well as attract developers interested in working with modern platforms and architectural principles.

One important area of change is strengthening application security. Java will continue to develop its security mechanisms, including improved type checking, updated authentication and authorization mechanisms, and tools for vulnerability detection and prevention. Not to be forgotten is support for modern platforms. It will combine optimized integration with mobile devices, cloud services and the Internet of Things. The development of special APIs and development tools for these platforms will allow programmers to create more powerful and flexible applications.

Java will continue to update its syntax and language constructs. The introduction of new features will help developers write more compact, readable and expressive code. This will make the language more flexible, efficient and attractive to programmers of different levels, allowing them to write code faster and with less effort - an approach that is especially relevant in today's dynamic software development industry. In this way, Java will be able to remain one of the most popular languages and maintain its appeal to a wide range of programmers. Java's future depends on its ability to adapt to changes in the technology landscape and meet the needs of developers. Supporting innovation, improving performance and compatibility with modern technologies will allow it to maintain its leading position in software development.


With the trends and forecasts analyzed, it can be concluded that Java remains a significant tool in many areas, including mobile development, cloud computing, and machine learning. However, it faces challenges such as competition from new technologies and programming languages, and the need for continuous development and updates. Overall, despite these obstacles, Java has significant potential to continue to evolve and successfully compete in the programming market. Developers and companies can continue to use it, but it is important to be flexible and ready for change, as well as to actively follow technology trends and take an active role in the development of the language and its community.