A FAREWELL TO ARMS: Abrene's crest will now be consigned to the history books
The decision means that the ratification of the bordertreaty can be completed when the two sides exchange their papers.
Constitutional Court chairman Gunars Kutris indicated thatthe court assessed the legal aspects of the treaty, trying to observeimpartiality amid political and economic arguments, and "holding emotionsin check."
The Constitutional Court concluded that "first, thelaw on commissioning the Cabinet of Ministers to sign the Latvian-Russianborder treaty initiated on August 7, 2007 is to be admitted as corresponding tothe preamble and 9th paragraph of declaration of May 4, 1990 of the SupremeCouncil of Latvian SSR on renewing of the independence of the Republic ofLatvia".
"Second, the Latvian-Russian border treaty signed on
This paragraph states that Latvian territory is composed byVidzeme, Latgale, Kurzeme and Zemgale as determined by the borders stated ininternational treaties.
"Fourth, to admit the formulation of the firstparagraph of the law on Latvian-Russian border treaty -- by applying the OSCEborder inviolability principle -- as not corresponding to the first part of the68 paragraph of Latvian Constitution and void as of the moment of publishing theverdict."
Kutris thinks that "now it is possible to exchange theratification documents, as the Russian party has adopted the same decisionwithout any disclaimers. The border treaty also has reference to all OSCEprinciples."
The verdict includes a legal qualification of the eventsof 1940. The court admits aggression of the
However, that is not enough to prevent today's treaty being ratified, in the opinion of the constitutional court, which admitted that
The court concluded that surrender of Abrene region doesnot infringe Latvian state continuity, as it is affected by the will of thecountry itself and acceptance by other countries. After 1990,
The Latvian-Russian border treaty was signed in
Prime Minister Aigars Kalvitis' government has come undercriticism from nationalist political parties and the opposition New Era party for'giving up' Abrene, a territory that once belonged to Latvia, in violation ofthe Constitution. Coalition politicians, however, argue that the
In May 2005,
This year, however, the Latvian government authorizedKalvitis to sign the treaty, thus annulling the declaration.