The decision means that the ratification of the border treaty can be completed when the two sides exchange their papers.
Constitutional Court chairman Gunars Kutris indicated that the court assessed the legal aspects of the treaty, trying to observe impartiality amid political and economic arguments, and "holding emotions in check."
The Constitutional Court concluded that "first, the law on commissioning the Cabinet of Ministers to sign the Latvian-Russian border treaty initiated on August 7, 2007 is to be admitted as corresponding to the preamble and 9th paragraph of declaration of May 4, 1990 of the Supreme Council of Latvian SSR on renewing of the independence of the Republic of Latvia".
"Second, the Latvian-Russian border treaty signed on
This paragraph states that Latvian territory is composed by Vidzeme, Latgale, Kurzeme and Zemgale as determined by the borders stated in international treaties.
"Fourth, to admit the formulation of the first paragraph of the law on Latvian-Russian border treaty -- by applying the OSCE border inviolability principle -- as not corresponding to the first part of the 68 paragraph of Latvian Constitution and void as of the moment of publishing the verdict."
Kutris thinks that "now it is possible to exchange the ratification documents, as the Russian party has adopted the same decision without any disclaimers. The border treaty also has reference to all OSCE principles."
The verdict includes a legal qualification of the events
of 1940. The court admits aggression of the
However, that is not enough to prevent today's treaty being ratified, in the opinion of the constitutional court, which admitted that
The court concluded that surrender of Abrene region does
not infringe Latvian state continuity, as it is affected by the will of the
country itself and acceptance by other countries. After 1990,
The Latvian-Russian border treaty was signed in
Prime Minister Aigars Kalvitis' government has come under
criticism from nationalist political parties and the opposition New Era party for
'giving up' Abrene, a territory that once belonged to Latvia, in violation of
the Constitution. Coalition politicians, however, argue that the
In May 2005,
This year, however, the Latvian government authorized Kalvitis to sign the treaty, thus annulling the declaration.