TALLINN -- A new book by a Russian historian claims Estonia's recollection of the 1941 forced deportations to Siberia is too harsh. In The Myth AboutGenocide, revisionist historian Alexander Dyukov paints a picture of Soviet repressions as little worse than a family picnic, Eesti Ekspess reports.
Dyukov admits that certain repressions did take place butsays the way they are depicted in Estonia has been exaggerated, initially for anti-Soviet andlater for anti-Russian reasons. Concerning the deportations of June 1941 hedeclared that it was a move the Soviet Union was forced to take because of the war situation, and the sameapplies to the annexation of the Baltic states in general.
"If Baltic nationalists had not cooperated with Germanspecial services and had not prepared for acts of diversion, there would havebeen no need for deportation. It was the activity of nationalists and of Nazi agentsthat provoked the deportations - and Estonian historians prefer to keepsilent about it," the historian writes.
Eesti Ekspress points out that at the time of the firstdeportations, the war with Germanyhad not yet begun. At that time, the Soviet Union was itself collaborating with Germanyby means of the notorious Molotov-Ribbentrop 'pact of steel'. Despite that fact, Dykovdescribes the June 1941 deportations as if they had taken place in a frontlinesituation.
In Dyukov's interpretation the 1941 deportation did not greatlydiffer from a family outing to the countryside, albeit in somewhat crampedcircumstances. The Soviet Union generally took good care the people it decided to resettle, he said
The author writes of how, according to NKVD security policeinstructions, doctors and army surgical assistants took care of the health ofthose being forcibly transported. According to Dyukov, it was prohibited toaccommodate more than 30 persons per rail truck. He also claims that thedeportees were well fed.
The 1941 deportations in Estoniabegan on June 14, 1941. There were 11,102people on the Soviet blacklist, but not all of them could be found, so justover 10,000 were eventually deported. The people were woken up during the nightand escorted to collection points by armed guards. The deportees were loaded onrail cars meant for the carriage of cattle, more than 50 persons per car.
Around 3,500 adult men were separated from their familiesand sent to labor camps. By 1942 only about 200 of them were still alive. Aroundhalf the 6,500 women and children died of cold, starvation and overwork in Siberia, despite the apparentlycaring attitude of the Soviet authorities.