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TALLINN – According to a labor needs survey of the Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund, the Estonian labor market will need programmers, cooks and truck drivers the most in the coming few years.
In the service sector, demand is highest for security personnel, cooks, customer service and cleaning service personnel. The manufacturing sector meanwhile needs unskilled laborers and specialists, sewing factory workers, carpenters, construction project managers and specialists the most.
There is also a shortfall of bus and long-distance truck drivers, spokespeople for the Unemployment Insurance Fund said.
In the social and healthcare sectors there are jobs on offer for of nurses, carers, activities instructors and pharmacists. The education sector is in trouble finding sufficient numbers of teachers and assistant teachers, special education teachers and speech therapists.
The reasons why many positions cannot be filled are different. Where in the information and communications technology sector (ICT) increased demand affects the entire sector, in construction and manufacture the reason may be insufficient skills of the workforce, outdated skills or movement of workforce to other countries.
In the social sphere situations occur where in spite of the numbers of specialists trained by the state a staff shortfall persists because newly trained specialists don't take up jobs in the areas that they were trained for due to wage or other conditions. Declining popularity can be noted for specialities requiring manual skills, such as metalworking and woodworking specialists.
In customer service a candidate's insufficient language skills may prove an obstacle to hiring, just like the wish for higher pay or fewer working hours on the part of the candidate.
The labor needs barometer is compiled by the Unemployment Insurance Fund twice every year by providing an estimate concerning the fields of professional activity set to experience a shortfall of workers, a balance between demand and supply, and a surplus of workforce.