TALLINN - It was identified by the laboratory of the Health Board that two adult residents of Tallinn who returned home from northern Italy and France have tested positive for the novel coronavirus, bringing the total number of affected people in Estonia to 12.
Since Jan. 31, the laboratory has analyzed altogether 350 COVID-19 tests, 12 of which have been positive, the Health Board said.
A coronavirus sample is taken at the discretion of a healthcare professional who determines the need for analysis based on a case definition, that is the symptoms that have occurred, and whether the person has recently been at risk of developing the disease or may have been exposed to the coronavirus.
According to the Health Board, the virus risk areas include China, Italy, Iran and South Korea.
A coronavirus test can be successfully performed on a person who already has symptoms of the disease -- it is very likely to give a false negative before symptoms, such as cough, fever and breathing difficulties, occur.
People who suspect that they are infected should consult their family doctor or make a call to the family doctor hotline 1220. In case of more serious symptoms, such as difficulty breathing, a call should be made to the emergency number 112. People should definitely not go to the emergency room of a hospital for help, as this may cause the person to spread the virus to other people in the room.
People anticipating the results of a coronavirus test or whose analysis turned out to be positive must self-isolate to prevent the virus from spreading further.
According to current information, the symptoms of the COVID-19 virus resemble those of flu. The virus may cause cough, fever and difficulty breathing. The virus is spread mainly through close contact with a person suspected of having an infection and having symptoms characteristic of the infection, especially a cough.