TALLINN - A recent study by the University of Tartu presents a variety of options for reducing the consumption of single-use plastic products in Estonia.
As the next step, the Estonian Ministry of the Environment together with market participants will pick the options that are most suitable for Estonia, spokespeople for the ministry told BNS.
The study was carried out by the University of Tartu in cooperation with OU Earth Care. Results of the study show that the removal and collection of refuse and related cost coverage should be organized similarly to the current system in which the collection and handling of garbage is the public sector's task, but the relating costs should be covered by producers or importers. The collection of waste as part of public collection systems and the related costs should be handled by recovery organizations, producers or importers or local governments, depending on the product group.
The researchers proposed four courses of action for reducing the use of plastic products. The proposed options include a visible charge for end-users and concessions to consumers who bring their own containers when shopping for food. A third proposal would see concessions made also for easily recyclable materials, which would mean that products that are more difficult or impossible to recycle would be more expensive. Introducing various requirements for products, such as a mandatory proportion of recycled plastic, has also been recommended as an option.
Stricter measures for regulating the market have also been weighed in the study, such as imposing a levy on single-use plastic products or even introducing a market ban for certain products. The role of the state along with the level of support required from it has also been mapped out, for instance, with regard to fostering the development of substitute products.
On July 5, a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the reduction of the impact of certain plastic products on the environment entered into force. The purpose of the directive is to prevent and reduce the impact of certain plastic products on the environment, particularly on the aquatic environment and human health, and boost the transition to circular economy. The directive focuses on ten most problematic single-use plastic products and fishing gear containing plastics, which account for close to 70 percent of marine litter items by count.