How Does Corporation Tax Affect A Business?

  • 2024-05-17

Businesses must pay attention to various tax regulations that come from time to time. This is because businesses are taxed, and corporation tax holds significant weight among the different taxes. Let’s delve deep into what it is and how it affects the businesses.

What is corporation tax? 

Businesses, both foreign and UK-based, operating in the UK have to pay corporation tax to the government. This tax is imposed based on profits—the remaining amount that businesses have after subtracting costs like labour and raw materials.

For the 2024-2025 financial year, the corporation tax rate for companies with profits of more than £250,000 is 25%. For companies with profits of £50,000 or less, the rate is 19%.

With the convenience of Government Getaway, you can file corporation tax online.

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Corporation tax and its impact on business

Corporations' taxes are levied on profits that businesses earn, and thus, they directly impact businesses.

- Affects profitability

Profits indicate that companies earn more than they spend on costs. The government takes a portion of their earnings through corporation tax. This can impede business growth, innovation, or competitiveness with other comparable entities within the sector. The higher the tax rate, the greater the loss in profits.
In the financial year 2022-23, corporation tax generated a total revenue of £78.6 billion. This makes it the fourth-largest revenue contributor to the government after income tax, VAT and national insurance.

- Reduced investment

Business investment bears a negative relationship with corporation tax. Whatever profits are cycled back to firms, a part of it is invested in the firms. High levels of taxation may dissuade firms from investing in areas like entrepreneurial opportunities or even reduced returns on such capital-intensive undertakings since high corporate taxes effectively lessen its returns; lower taxes, on the other hand, might encourage investors to make profits, which will consequently go into economic progress and providing employment.

- Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

Corporate taxation plays a crucial role in shaping decisions regarding foreign direct investment (FDI), as it introduces a disparity between the returns on investment before and after taxes. The more significant this disparity, the less appealing it becomes to engage in FDI within a particular country. 

However, it's important to note that high taxation alone doesn't necessarily deter investment, as other factors, such as market accessibility, labour expenses, and regulatory complexities, influence investment decisions. 

The gap between pre- and post-tax FDI returns is vast. In that case, it can erode the advantages offered by a country, leading to a preference for low-tax jurisdictions over high-tax ones.

The UK has both inward and outward foreign direct investments. When inward FDI is affected, it reduces the capital available for businesses and thus negatively impacts their growth. 

- Competitiveness

In a world that is becoming increasingly globalised, company tax rates can greatly impact competitiveness. Tax rivalry occurs when corporations relocate or establish subsidiaries in lower-tax countries due to high tax rates compared to other jurisdictions. This impacts a nation's tax income as well as its capacity to draw in and hold on to talent, investment, and enterprise. 

Tax avoidance and corporate taxation

According to Experlu Tax advisor tax avoidance encompasses all legitimate practices and strategies companies adopt to lessen their tax liabilities. Despite facing criticism, tax avoidance is deemed a necessary strategy in a globalised economy, where markets extend beyond domestic boundaries. It fulfils the performance expectations of shareholders and creditors by enhancing returns from dividends and interest. This increases investor trust in management, making it easier to pursue long-term initiatives to increase market share, productivity, and capital accumulation.

Furthermore, greater capital reserves enable companies to navigate challenging economic conditions more effectively. Thus, in the presence of corporation tax, companies mould their behaviour to increase their profits.


Many drag on the economy considers corporation tax as it negatively affects businesses. However, if the tax rate is equitable and fair, there is no harm in paying the corporate tax. After all, it acts as an essential part of government revenue. Moreover, a well-designed corporation tax system ensures a more equitable distribution of wealth and resources. Fortunately, you can now use Government Getaway to file the corporation tax online.