RIGA - Every year the budget shortfall due to tax breaks is EUR 2.5 billion, which is why the Finance Ministry is proposing to revise the system of tax breaks, the ministry's representatives told Saeima Budget and Finance Committee today.
Internationally, the broader definition "tax expenditures" is preferred to define reducing or postponing taxes for a comparatively small group of taxpayers, the ministry's representatives explained.
Currently, tax breaks and exemptions in Latvia annually amount to EUR 2.5 billion on the average, which makes up approximately one-third of total tax revenue, the Finance Ministry's representatives said.
According to the Finance Ministry's estimates, personal income tax exemptions annually amount to approximately EUR 900 million, corporate income tax breaks - approximately EUR 300 million or about 75 percent of total corporate tax revenue, and natural resource tax exemptions - approximately EUR 200 million - which is almost eight times more than the total revenue from natural resource tax.
Excise tax breaks annually make up EUR 146 million which, compared to other tax breaks, is not much - 16 percent of the total excise tax revenue, while property tax breaks - EUR 16 million (7 percent of total property tax revenue).
Tax exemptions for social purposes accounted for 68 percent of the total amount of tax exemptions, tax breaks for promoting investment - 15.7 percent, tax exemptions for protection of natural resources - 8.2 percent, and tax exemptions for agriculture - 2.6 percent.
The total amount of tax breaks in 2017 was equal to 9.49 percent of gross domestic product.
The Finance Ministry points out that the total amount of tax breaks has been growing for the past several years, except in 2017 when the amount decreased 5 percent.
The Finance Ministry believes that tax exemptions should not be indefinite and the proportion of total amount of tax breaks in GDP needs to be analyzed. When new tax exemptions are considered, their purpose must be defined, and the less-effective tax breaks should be lifted, believes the ministry.