TALLINN - An overview drawn up by Diana Marnot, a researcher at the Estonian Academy of Security Sciences, outlines the Baltic states' national policies and threat mitigation measures impacting security by categories.
For this purpose, the strategic documents of the security policy of the three Baltic states were analyzed -- "The National Security Concept of Estonia" from 2004, 2010, 2017, "The National Security Concept of Latvia" from 2008, 2019 and "The National Security Strategy of Lithuania" from 2002, 2012, 2017.
"The report presents the visions of all the Baltic states on security threats and possible mitigation measures on a common basis. The importance of the overview stems from the need for consistent international cooperation, which has been emphasized for years by, for example, the Baltic Assembly, a form of cooperation between the Baltic parliaments. In 2020, Estonia will hold its presidency, and one of our priorities is to develop a partnership in the fields of defense and security. Thus, the result of this report may be of interest to the authorities that need to develop Baltic security cooperation," Marnot said.
The Baltic states are similar in their small size and common recent past. Similar concerns are shared and the security of all three countries is based on the European Union and NATO's allied relations. The overview shows how the three Baltic states have so far assessed the factors affecting their security environment. In addition, different types of risk mitigation measures are presented by country. It is based on the premise that a region with common threats could share similar strategic goals, which would increase the security of both an individual country and the region as a whole in the future.
"It is clear that we perceive security issues and the security environment in a similar way, which already provides a more solid basis for the development of joint projects in the future. In addition, there is a very good opportunity to learn from different solutions to similar problems and their effects. Through close cooperation, we can accelerate the improvement of the security environment of all three countries as a single region and also show our international position as stronger," Marnot said.
As a result of the research, it can be stated that there are security threats that are common throughout the Baltics. These include organized crime, corruption, terrorism, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and the intelligence of foreign special services.